Today is World Hypertension Day (WHD), an opportunity to raise awareness and promote hypertension prevention, detection and treatment. Worldwide, Hypertension is the main risk factor to develop cardiovascular disease. Indeed, hypertension is the first contributing risk factor for global death: causing strokes, heart attacks and other cardiovascular complications. More than 10 million people die per year due to raised blood pressure.
This year theme is "Know your numbers", as a friendly reminder to get your blood pressure measurements and ask your friends, family and coworkers to join you and get their blood pressure measure too. It is a fast and painless procedure that can help you to prevent future health issues.
The WHO has put together a very compressive fact-sheet about cardiovascular diseases (CVD):
- CVDs are the number 1 cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other cause.
- An estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs in 2016, representing 31% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% are due to heart attack and stroke.
- Over three-quarters of CVD deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries.
- Out of the 17 million premature deaths (under the age of 70) due to noncommunicable diseases in 2015, 82% are in low- and middle-income countries, and 37% are caused by CVDs.
- Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by addressing behavioural risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol using population-wide strategies.
- People with cardiovascular disease or who are at high cardiovascular risk (due to the presence of one or more risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia or already established disease) need early detection and management using counselling and medicines, as appropriate